|Early image of a view of Gladstone Works with lots of smoke!|
Union Hotel on the right. Looking up Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
Gladstone - its history before the 1970sThe origin of the pottery known as the Gladstone Works dates back to the birth of the pottery industry. At the end of the 18th century Longton was the next largest pottery town after Burslem, and the future growth of Longton was made possible by the sale of the Longton Manor estate in the 1780s.
'The history of the Gladstone site is a wonderful example of the history and development of the pottery industry. The complex history of its owners and tenants, and the pottery they produced, is typical of the development of the pottery industry in Longton.'
Click here> for the full history of Gladstone, on the museum's own website
200 words on the History of the Gladstone SiteBy Rodney Hampson
Potteries were developed at Lane End (Longton) with the building of the Newcastle-Under-Lyme to Derby turnpike road in 1759.
Thomas and Michael Shelley bought the Gladstone site by the turnpike, in 1774, and by 1787 they supplied cream-ware to 'Wedgwood’s standard. They lived on the works, and at their deaths it was divided, leaving only one oven.
By 1840 there were three ovens, and many workshops - a Government Inspector criticising the factory as "dirty, small, dilapidated and unhealthy".
In 1856 the present three-storey front was built, but continued to be used in part as a house, shops, and even a pub, The Vulcan Arms, until 1914.
Richard Hodson took over in 1869, followed by his son-in-law George Proctor in 1881, and the family, which took up the Gladstone name, installed a steam engine, grinding mills and enamel kilns, keeping control until 1939 when Thomas Poole bought the works, and ran it until 1960.
Gladstone made ﬁgures, lustre-ware and, latterly, inexpensive china, the typical Longton product in a. typical Longton potbank.
|Gladstone Pottery Museum Story - Hodson and Co. advert 1880|
Thanks to Phil Rowley for the image
|Gladstone Pottery Museum Story - Procter, Mayer & Woolley advert 1885|
|The Vulcan Arms, Uttoxeter Road, Longton. Just next door to Gladstone Works|
Photo: source unknown Date: Unknown
|Gladstone Pottery Museum, Uttoxeter Road, Longton |
Photo: Rodney Hampson Note The Vulcan Inn Date: Early 1970s
|The Vulcan Arms, Uttoxeter Road, Longton. Just next door to Gladstone Works |
Photo: source unknown Date: Unknown
Gladstone history in backstampsA study of the backstamps or marks for the Gladstone works proves interesting. Gladstone has had eight owners since the first pottery factory was built on the site in about 1787.
George Proctor Co. occupied the site from 1892 to 1940. This company produced china and ‘porcelain' and their backstamp consisted of
The 'L' for Longton was occasionally added. The trade name 'GLADSTONE CHINA' was used by the company from 1924 to 1940
From 1940 to 1952 Gladstone China (Longton) Ltd. were the owners. The mark such on wares from 1939 to 1961 incorporated a print of
In 1952 Gladstone China (Longton) Ltd. merged with Thomas Poole (Longton) Ltd., who had been producing ‘general ceramics' from 1880. Thomas Poole and Gladstone China were the last active owners of the Gladstone Works - still using the mark adopted in 1940.
|Gladstone Backstamp used in 1953|
The bottle ovens were last fired in March 1960 but the decorating shop and packing house were still used until May 1970 when when Thomas Poole and Gladstone China put the works up for sale
On 5th November 1971 Thomas Poole and Gladstone China (sometimes known as 'Royal Stafford China' - Thomas Poole had used this name from 1912) merged with the British Anchor Pottery Co.Ltd. who produced earthenware at their potbank by the railway bridge in Anchor Road, Longton. They were owned by the Galley Group of Wolverhampton.
Thus a new company was formed called Hostess Tableware Limited - the name being a name from a previous trade name of British Anchor. Gladstone, Thomas Poole and British Anchor trade names were dropped.
[In 1973 Hostess Tableware merged with the Clough Group. Interestingly Alfred Clough, was the 'fireman' at the Last Bottle Oven Firing in 1978]
From The Friends of Gladstone Pottery Museum Newsletter October 1977
1930 Gladstone from the airfrom www.britainfromabove.org
|Gladstone Pottery Museum from the air in 1930 |
Thanks to Phil Rowley for finding it.
1948 Recollections of working at the Gladstone WorksRandom notes made by Rodney Hampson from conversations with ‘Jack’ Bowen of Blurton, 16 March 1980
Mr Peter Poole was in charge.
Employed 200 – china only closed down (during the Second World War) 1939-45 used for storage.
No. 1 oven built c.1950. First firing ‘ran away’ although well soaked!
Two biscuit ovens bottom [of yard?] - two glost at top.
A 'fuss' to celebrate new decorating kiln c.1950 - replaced one kiln in yard by sliphouse (same place as now?).
Saggar maker same place (as now?). He started 1948 - went all electric soon after - ceased endless rope drive – steam heated stoves – flat makers, 3 towers –no mill in 1948 – old packer, Harold – young packer Stan Shaw, went into a crockery (shop)
Evans funeral undertakers in Salisbury. The Vulcan (pub) had a window at rear for beer.
No throwers in 1948 – turners, cup jolliers and handlers - saggar makers on corner.
Gladstone was a friendly place – Thursday was oven day
Crown Derby sold to Allied English Potteries then old owner set up at Duffield with clay ware from Abbeydale – Lowes (Sutherland Road ?) made Cornish ware blue banded – treadle lathe - pipe of blue slip (below Gladstone, across the road).
Gladstone made tea ware and a little dinner ware – no vases - all china, litho and light gilding, no heavy pattern gold
Re-typed 3 December 2014 by Rodney Hampson from original pencilled manuscript
1950 Gladstone Pottery Christmas 'do'
|Gladstone Works Christmas 'do'|
Photo: source unknown Date: 1950s
1954 Screen shot from a film about the 'Five Towns'Five Towns Extracts - here> on YouTube
|Gladstone Pottery Museum from the air - outlined|
Screen shot courtesy of Phil Rowley
1955/56 Gladstone Pottery
|Gladstone Pottery in the distance|
Looking up Market Street, Longton
Photo: source unknown Date: 1955
|Gladstone flatware makers 1955-6|
Photo courtesy of Phil Rowley, but who are these people?
Use the Contact Form at the bottom of this page to let me know
Late 1960s/early 1970s Gladstone PotteryThe Gladstone Works yard. Notice the concrete, the weighbridge, weighbridge cabin and the mirror above the tunnel, used by the fireman to check the emissions from the boilerhouse chimney without leaving the building.
|Gladstone Works - the yard|
Photo found by Phil Rowley Date: Late 1960s/Early1970s
1971 Gladstone China
Photo taken from outside the works on land which is now the current car park
Photo: source unknown Date: 1971
Photo taken in the yard
Photo: source unknown Date: 1971
1972 Gladstone China, pre museum
|Gladstone China 1972 pre museum|
Photo: source unknown Date: unknown
|Gladstone China pre museum|
Photo: source unknown Date: 1970
|Gladstone China, pre museum|
Photo: source unknown Date: 1972